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نمونه سوال ورودی دانشگاه های مجارستان

نمونه سوال ورودی دانشگاه های مجارستان

نمونه سوال امتحان پزشکی دانشگاه های مجارستان

BIOLOGY SAMPLE TEST 1

  In this type of mutation, one or two nucleotide pairs are inserted into or deleted from DNA

frameshift mutations

base substitution mutation

missense mutation

nonsens mutation

During muscle contraction, which of the following shortens?

Z lines

sarcomere

actin and myosin filaments

all of the above

none of the above

Which of the following is part of the appendicular skeleton

pectoral girdle

pelvic girdle

femur

skull

all of the above are appendicular

If a transcribed DNA strand is 5’ATCTGTTAGA 3′, then the corresponding sequence of RNA is

۵′ UAGAGTTAGA 3′

۳′ TAGACAATCT 5′

۵′ UAGACAAUCU 3′

۳′ UAGACAAUCU 5′

The parasympathetic nervous system has what effect on the heart’s pacemaker

excites it

inhibits it

kills it

has no effect at all

has a variable effect; sometimes excites it, sometimes inhibits it

What is the function of the tricuspid valve

Prevents the backflow of blood from the right atrium to the right ventricle.

Prevents the backflow of oxygen-rich blood from the right ventricle to the right atrium.

Prevents the backflow of carbon dioxide-rich blood from the right ventricle to the right atrium.

Assure the unidirectional blood flow.

۱٫ ۲٫ ۳٫ B. 4.          C. 2. 4.        D. 1. 3.          E. 3. 4.

The target tissue for luteinizing hormone is the

liver

kidneys

pancreas

thyroid gland

gonads

What type of hormones enter their target cells

steroid hormones

peptide hormones

both of the above

none of the above

What can be the genotype of a person of Rh+ blood group

Homozygous dominant

heterozygous

homozygous recessive

A and B

All of the above

When the ribosome moves down the mRNA strand during translation, and amino acids

are added one by one to the polypeptide chain, the process is called:

amino acid synthesis

amino acid template translation

elongation

initiation

The possible pattern of inheritance of phenylketonuria

dominant-recessive trait, the disorder is caused by a recessive allele

dominant-recessive trait, the disorder is caused by a dominant allele

Incomplete dominant trait, the heterozygous individuals are affected

Incomplete dominant trait, the homozygous individuals are affected

What can be the component of a DNA

nucleotides

nucleoside-diphosphates

one phosphate – one deoxyribose – thymine

one phosphate – one deoxyribose – uracil

one phosphate – one ribose – thymine

۱,۳٫ B.1,2,3.  C.1,2,4.    D.2,3.    E. 1.

What does cardiac output depends on

stroke volume

heart rate

temperature

stress

all of the above

Which statement is wrong

Most of the CO2 is transported in the plasma as bicarbonate ion.

Oxygen binds to hemoglobin in the lungs.

Oxygen-hemoglobin dissociation curve depends on pH.

Some CO2 diffuses to the capillaries from the alveoli.

Hemoglobin consists of four polypeptide chains.

Which statement is wrong

During expiration the diaphragm relaxes.

During inspiration the diaphragm contracts.

Diaphragm is smooth muscle.

The amount of air moving in and out of the lungs with each normal breath is called

the tidal volume.

Some CO2 also gets to the lungs whith inspiration.

Each ribosome is composed of

one large spherical structure in which a groove passes through the middle for reading

mRNA

one small subunit and one large subunit that do not join together until translation

two small and one large subunits that become activated when translation is initiated

one small and two large subunits that are activated by mRNA

Out of the following vitamins which ones are water soluble

Vitamin C

Vitamin D

Vitamin B complex

Vitamin K

Vitamin A.

۱,۲,۳٫ B. 1,3. C. 2,4,5.    D. 3,4,5.    E. 3.

Which match is correct for the enzyme and its product

Maltase – glucose

Lipase – glycerol

Lipase – glycerol and fatty acids

Pepsin – short polypeptides

Sucrose – glucose and maltose.

۱,۲٫ B. 1,2,4.  C. 1,3,4.    D. 1,3,5.    E. 1, 4.

What is true about viruses

they are procaryotes

they need host cells for their reproduction

Herpes is caused by a virus

they contain either DNA or RNA as hereditary material

AIDS is caused by a virus.

۱,۴,۵٫ B. 2,3,4,5    C. 2,4,5.    D. 2,3,4.     E. 1,4.

Which structures are made from tubulin

mitotic spindle

centrioles

myofilaments

ribosomes

flagella

۳,۴,۵٫ B. 1,2. C. 1,2,3. D. 1,2,5. E. 1.

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